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TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY we live in a slightly mad world Nov 10 4004 BC ... Stackers' Lounge forum

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    TODAY IN ROTTEN HISTORY

    we live in a slightly mad world

    Nov 10 4004 BC

    Adam and Eve are driven from Paradise.

    Nov 10 1928

    Emperor Hirohito enthroned at Kyoto.

    Nov 10 1938

    Kristallnacht, Night of Broken Glass, in Germany. Members of the SA, SS, and Hitler Youth round up some 30,000 jews. Jewish homes and shops are targeted for vandalism, 177 synagogues are destroyed by fire and 91 jews are killed.

    Nov 10 1940

    Walt Disney begins serving as a secret informer for the Los Angeles office of the FBI, to report back information on Hollywood subversives. He was made a "Full Special Agent in Charge Contact" in 1954. We should note that Disney was atheist and thus subversive in his own little way.

    Nov 10 1972

    Two men hijack Southern Airways Flight 49 out of Birmingham, and hopscotch it variously in the U.S., Canada, and Cuba while demanding $7M. At one point they circle Oak Ridge National Laboratory and threaten to crash the plane into that top secret nuclear installation. After two days, and exhausting most of the aircraft's supply of mini-liquor bottles, the plane lands for good in Havana where the hijackers are jailed by Fidel Castro. Said one of the two hijackers later, "I wanted to fly over the Statue of Liberty and urinate on it."

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    This is Armistice Day or Remembrance Day or Veterans Day or Victory Day or World War I Memorial Day. The name of this special day may be different in different places throughout many nations; but its significance is the same.
    It was on this day at 11 a.m. in 1918 that World War I ceased. The Allied and Central Powers signed an armistice agreement at 5 a.m. in Marshal Foch’s railway car in the Forest of Compiegne, France. Many still bow their heads in remembrance at the 11th hour of this the 11th day of the 11th month.
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    Today in
    American Bandstand History

    1957 - Joni James performed "Summer Love" on "American Bandstand."

    1966 - Count Five performed "Psychotic Reaction" on "American Bandstand."

    1966 - Fantastic Johnny C performed "Boogaloo Down Broadway" on "American Bandstand."

    1977 - Dorothy Moore performed "I Believe You" on "American Bandstand."

    1983 - The Michael Stanley Band performed "My Town" and "Hard Times" on "American Bandstand."

    1983 - Midnight Star performed "We My Whistle" on "American Bandstand."




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    today in American history

    1861 : McClellan snubs Lincoln


    President Lincoln pays a late night visit to General George McClellan, who Lincoln had recently named general in chief of the Union army. The general retired to his chambers before speaking with the president.
    This was the most famous example of McClellan's cavalier disregard for the president's authority. Lincoln had tapped McClellan to head the Army of the Potomac--the main Union army in the East--in July 1861 after the disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run. McClellan immediately began to build an effective army, and he was elevated to general in chief after Winfield Scott resigned on October 31. McClellan drew praise for his military initiatives but quickly developed a reputation for his arrogance and contempt toward the political leaders in Washington. After being named to the top post, McClellan began openly to cavort with Democratic leaders in Congress and show his disregard for the Republican administration. To his wife, he wrote that Lincoln was "nothing more than a well-meaning baboon," and Secretary of State William Seward was an "incompetent little puppy."
    Lincoln made frequent evening visits to McClellan's house to discuss strategy. On November 13, Lincoln, Seward, and Presidential Secretary John Hay stopped by to see the general. McClellan was out, so the trio waited patiently for his return. After an hour, McClellan came in and was told by a porter that the guests were waiting. McClellan headed for his room without a word, and only after Lincoln waited another half-hour was the group informed of McClellan's retirement to bed. Hay felt that the president should have been greatly offended, but Lincoln casually replied that it was "better at this time not to be making points of etiquette and personal dignity." Lincoln made no more visits to the general's home.
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    November 14
    1832 - The first horsecar (a streetcar drawn by horses) was displayed in New York City. The vehicle had room for 30 people in three compartments. The new service traveled Fourth Avenue between Prince and Fourteenth Streets. 1921 - KYW radio, Chicago, IL broadcast the first opera by a professional company. Listeners heard Samson Et Dalila as it was being performed at the Chicago Auditorium.
    1935 - The Call Bulletin of San Francisco, CA became the first newspaper to run a life-size portrait of a human being. Larry Quinn, a two-day-old baby, was the subject.
    1943 - Leonard Bernstein replaced an indisposed Bruno Walter as conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra. Thus began a legendary career and worldwide appreciation for Bernstein’s many compositions with the orchestra.
    1944 - An outstanding array of musicians gathered in Hollywood to record a classic. Tommy Dorsey and orchestra made Opus No. 1, Victor record number 20-1608. Buddy Rich was the drummer in the session, Al Klink and Buddy DeFranco blew sax and Nelson Riddle played trombone on the Sy Oliver arrangement.
    1945 - Captain Eddie Rickenbacker sold the historic Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Former Indy winner Wilbur Shaw became the new president and manager of the speedway. The track was purchased by the Tony Holman family a short time later.
    1951 - The first world lightweight title fight was telecast coast to coast. Jimmy Carter beat Art Aragon in Los Angeles.
    1959 - The eruption of Kilauea Iki Crater (Nov 14-Dec 20, 1959) on the Big Island of Hawaii was a relatively brief event, but produced some of Kilauea’s most spectacular lava fountains of the 20th century. (The current Pu`u `O`o-Kupaianaha eruption of Kilauea began in 1983).
    1964 - Gordie Howe of the Detroit Red Wings set a National Hockey League record as he scored his 627th career goal in a game against Montreal.
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    November 14th Part 2

    1966 - Boxing’s largest indoor crowd assembled in the Houston Astrodome to see Cassius Clay defeat Cleveland Williams -- by a TKO.
    1967 - The Monkees received a gold record for Daydream Believer.
    1972 - For the first time in its 76-year history, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above the 1,000 mark: 1003.16.
    1975 - They Just Can’t Stop It (The Games People Play) became a gold record for the Spinners. Their other hits include Then Came You (with Dionne Warwicke), Could It Be I’m Falling in Love, The Rubberband Man, Working My Way Back to You, Cupid, It’s a Shame and I’ll Be Around -- for Motown.
    1981 - Paul ‘Bear’ Bryant tied the record of Amos Alonzo Stagg for most football wins. The Alabama Crimson Tide notched win #314 for Coach Bryant. Alabama beat Penn State, 31-16.
    1981 - For the second week in a row, Daryl Hall and John Oates owned the top spot on the pop music charts with Private Eyes.
    1986 - The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced that Ivan Boesky would have to pay $100 million in fines and alleged profits to settle insider-trading charges against him. The settlement was just $6 million less than the entire S.E.C. budget for 1986.
    1987 - The Dirty Dancing movie soundtrack was the number one album in the U.S. It was number one for a total of eighteen weeks. The remainder of the top-five that week: 2)-Tunnel of Love (Bruce Springsteen); 3)-Bad (Michael Jackson); 4)-Whitesnake (Whitesnake); 5)-A Momentary Lapse of Reason (Pink Floyd).
    1993 - Don Shula was carried off the Veterans Stadium field by his Miami Dolphins after a 19-14 win over the Philadelphia Eagles. That victory was #325 in Shula’s career and made him the winningest coach in NFL history, surpassing the legendary George Halas. (Of all NFL coaches, only Shula and Halas reached 300 victories.) Shula finished his career in 1995 with a coaching record of 347-173-6. He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1997.
    1997 - New movies in U.S. theatres: The Jackal (“How do you stop an assassin who has no identity?”), starring Bruce Willis, Richard Gere and Sidney Poitier; The Man who Knew too Little (“He’s on a mission so secret, even he doesn’t know about it.”), with Bill Murray, Peter Gallagher and Joanne Whalley; and One Night Stand (“It was just one night that changed everything.”), starring Wesley Snipes, Nastassja Kinski and Robert Downey Jr.
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    1977 : The 100,000,000th U.S.-built Ford

    On this day, at the Mahwah plant in New York, workers completed the 100,000,000th Ford to be built in America: a 1978 Ford Fairmont four-door sedan. The Fairmont series was introduced at the beginning of the 1978 model year, to replace the discontinued Ford Maverick. Several Fairmont models were available in the first year of the series, and the available power ran from a 140 cubic-inch, four-cylinder engine to a 302 cubic-inch V-8. The most popular Ford Fairmont was the Sporty Coupe, which was introduced midway through the 1978 model year, and featured styling reminiscent of the Thunderbird. The vehicle was two inches longer than the other Fairmont models, and featured quad headlights and a unique roof design featuring a decorative wrap-over. In the 1979 model year, the Fairmont Sporty Coupe became the Fairmont Futura Sport, and, by 1980, was available as a four-door sedan in addition to the original two-door coupe. By 1981, the Fairmont Futura series was more of a high-trim automobile than its original manifestation as a sporty vehicle, and a Futura station wagon became available. At the end of the 1983 model year, the entire Fairmont line was discontinued.
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    This would ruin your day. lolol

    1820 : American vessel sunk by sperm whale


    The American whaler Essex, which hailed from Nantucket, Massachusetts, is attacked by an 80-ton sperm whale 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America.
    The 238-ton Essex was in pursuit of sperm whales, specifically the precious oil and bone that could be derived from them, when an enraged bull whale rammed the ship twice and capsized the vessel. The 20 crew members escaped in three open boats, but only five of the men survived the harrowing 83-day journey to the coastal waters of South America, where they were picked up by other ships. Most of the crew resorted to cannibalism during the long journey, and at one point men on one of the long boats drew straws to determine which of the men would be shot in order to provide sustenance for the others. Three other men who had been left on a desolate Pacific island were saved later.
    The first capture of a sperm whale by an American vessel was in 1711, marking the birth of an important American industry that commanded a fleet of more than 700 ships by the mid 18th century. Herman Melville's classic novel Moby Dick (1851) was inspired in part by the story of the Essex.
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    November 21, 1871 The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
    November 21, 1964 World's longest suspension bridge "Verrazano Narrows" opens (New York City)
    November 21, 1977 1st flight of Concorde, London to New York
    November 21, 1980 MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas in fire; 84 die

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    1863: Fighting begins in the Battle of Chattanooga.


    1945: With the end of WWII all rationing stops in the United States, with the exception of sugar. Food remains scarce everywhere else and the black market continues to exist throughout Europe.
    Learn more about rationing.

    1973: Representative Yvonne Burke gives birth to a daughter, Autumn Roxanne Burke, becoming the first member of Congress to become a mother while in office.
    Learn more about women and employment.



    Franklin Pierce (White House)
    Today is the anniversary of the 1804 birth of Franklin Pierce, the 14th president of the United States; the White House offers an illustrated biography.
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    November 27th

    1095: At the council of Clermont, France, Pope Urban II proclaims the First Crusade.
    Learn more about the Crusades.

    1779: The Pennsylvania state government converts the College of Philadelphia into the University of the State of Pennsylvania, thus creating both America's first state school and America's first official university.
    Learn more about Penn.

    1901: The Army War College is authorized by the U.S. Department of War.
    Learn more about the Department of War.

    1924: New York City's Macy's department store held its first Thanksgiving Day parade down a two-mile stretch of Broadway from Central Park West to Herald Square.
    Learn more about Thanksgiving Day.

    1942: A French Navy fleet stationed in Toulon sinks 10 of their own cruisers, 28 destroyers, and 14 submarines to avoid their falling into Nazi hands.
    Learn more about World War II.

    jimihendrix.com
    American musician Jimi Hendrix was born on this day in 1942; the official Jimi Hendrix Web site offers information about his work.
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    1520 : Magellan reaches the Pacific

    After sailing through the dangerous straits below
    South America that now bear his name, Portuguese
    navigator Ferdinand Magellan enters the Pacific Ocean
    with three ships, becoming the first European explorer
    to reach the Pacific from the Atlantic.

    On September 20, 1519, Magellan set sail from Spain in
    an effort to find a western sea route to the rich
    Spice Islands of Indonesia. In command of five ships
    and 270 men, Magellan sailed to West Africa and then
    to Brazil, where he searched the South American coast
    for a strait that would take him to the Pacific. He
    searched the Rio de la Plata, a large estuary south of
    Brazil, for a way through; failing, he continued south
    along the coast of Patagonia. At the end of March
    1520, the expedition set up winter quarters at Port
    St. Julian. On Easter day at midnight, the Spanish
    captains mutinied against their Portuguese captain,
    but Magellan crushed the revolt, executing one of the
    captains and leaving another ashore when his ship left
    St. Julian in August.

    On October 21, he finally discovered the strait he had
    been seeking. The Strait of Magellan, as it became
    known, is located near the tip of South America,
    separating Tierra del Fuego and the continental
    mainland. Only three ships entered the passage; one
    had been wrecked and another deserted. It took 38 days
    to navigate the treacherous strait, and when ocean was
    sighted at the other end Magellan wept with joy. His
    fleet accomplished the westward crossing of the ocean
    in 99 days, crossing waters so strangely calm that the
    ocean was named "Pacific," from the Latin word
    pacificus, meaning "tranquil." By the end, the men
    were out of food and chewed the leather parts of their
    gear to keep themselves alive. On March 6, 1521, the
    expedition landed at the island of Guam.

    Ten days later, they dropped anchor at the Philippine
    island of Cebu--they were only about 400 miles from
    the Spice Islands. Magellan met with the chief of
    Cebu, who after converting to Christianity persuaded
    the Europeans to assist him in conquering a rival
    tribe on the neighboring island of Mactan. In fighting
    on April 27, Magellan was hit by a poisoned arrow and
    left to die by his retreating comrades.

    After Magellan's death, the survivors, in two ships,
    sailed on to the Moluccas and loaded the hulls with
    spice. One ship attempted, unsuccessfully, to return
    across the Pacific. The other ship, the Vittoria,
    continued west under the command of Basque navigator
    Juan Sebastian de Elcano. The vessel sailed across the
    Indian Ocean, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and
    arrived at the Spanish port of Sanlucar de Barrameda
    on September 6, 1522, becoming the first ship to
    circumnavigate the globe.
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    2001 : Enron files for bankruptcy

    On this day in 2001, the Enron Corporation files for
    Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in a New York court,
    sparking one of the largest corporate scandals in U.S.
    history.

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    Re: Today in History


    1991 : Hostage Terry Anderson freed in Lebanon


    On this day in 1991, Islamic militants in Lebanon release kidnapped American journalist Terry Anderson after 2,454 days in captivity.
    As chief Middle East correspondent for the Associated Press, Anderson covered the long-running civil war in Lebanon (1975-1990). On March 16, 1985, he was kidnapped on a west Beirut street while leaving a tennis court. His captors took him to the southern suburbs of the city, where he was held prisoner in an underground dungeon for the next six-and-a-half years.
    Anderson was one of 92 foreigners (including 17 Americans) abducted during Lebanon's bitter civil war. The kidnappings were linked to Hezbollah, or the Party of God, a militant Shiite Muslim organization formed in 1982 in reaction to Israel’s military presence in Lebanon. They seized several Americans, including Anderson, soon after Kuwaiti courts jailed 17 Shiites found guilty of bombing the American and French embassies there in 1983. Hezbollah in Lebanon received financial and spiritual support from Iran, where prominent leaders praised the bombers and kidnappers for performing their duty to Islam.
    U.S. relations with Iran--and with Syria, the other major foreign influence in Lebanon--showed signs of improving by 1990, when the civil war drew to a close, aided by Syria's intervention on behalf of the Lebanese army. Eager to win favor from the U.S. in order to promote its own economic goals, Iran used its influence in Lebanon to engineer the release of nearly all the hostages over the course of 1991.
    Anderson returned to the U.S. and was reunited with his family, including his daughter Suleme, born three months after his capture. In 1999, he sued the Iranian government for $100 million, accusing it of sponsoring his kidnappers; he received a multi-million dollar settlement.
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    Re: Today in History

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    1945 : Aircraft squadron lost in the Bermuda Triangle


    At 2:10 p.m., five U.S. Navy Avenger torpedo-bombers comprising Flight 19 take off from the Ft. Lauderdale Naval Air Station in Florida on a routine three-hour training mission. Flight 19 was scheduled to take them due east for 120 miles, north for 73 miles, and then back over a final 120-mile leg that would return them to the naval base. They never returned.
    Two hours after the flight began, the leader of the squadron, who had been flying in the area for more than six months, reported that his compass and back-up compass had failed and that his position was unknown. The other planes experienced similar instrument malfunctions. Radio facilities on land were contacted to find the location of the lost squadron, but none were successful. After two more hours of confused messages from the fliers, a distorted radio transmission from the squadron leader was heard at 6:20 p.m., apparently calling for his men to prepare to ditch their aircraft simultaneously because of lack of fuel.
    By this time, several land radar stations finally determined that Flight 19 was somewhere north of the Bahamas and east of the Florida coast, and at 7:27 p.m. a search and rescue Mariner aircraft took off with a 13-man crew. Three minutes later, the Mariner aircraft radioed to its home base that its mission was underway. The Mariner was never heard from again. Later, there was a report from a tanker cruising off the coast of Florida of a visible explosion seen at 7:50 p.m.
    The disappearance of the 14 men of Flight 19 and the 13 men of the Mariner led to one of the largest air and seas searches to that date, and hundreds of ships and aircraft combed thousands of square miles of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and remote locations within the interior of Florida. No trace of the bodies or aircraft was ever found.
    Although naval officials maintained that the remains of the six aircraft and 27 men were not found because stormy weather destroyed the evidence, the story of the "Lost Squadron" helped cement the legend of the Bermuda Triangle, an area of the Atlantic Ocean where ships and aircraft are said to disappear without a trace. The Bermuda Triangle is said to stretch from the southern U.S. coast across to Bermuda and down to the Atlantic coast of Cuba and Santo Domingo.
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